The Anholt Offshore Wind Farm in Denmark is the largest in the country. This offshore wind farm has an overall capacity of 400 megawatts and currently covers 4% of the country’s total power consumption. The offshore wind farm is 20 kilometers long and up to 5 kilometers wide. It has a total of 111 turbines that produce clean, renewable energy.
The Anholt offshore wind farm project came from the Danish government’s initiative - Denmark's Energy Policy Agreement. Conceptualized in 2008, the official construction started in 2012. The completion of the operation was capped in 2013. Anholt Offshore Wind Farm was inaugurated by none other than Her Majesty the Queen of Denmark in September 2013.
Engineers from DONG, who were granted the construction of the site, underwent a series of tests to find the best location to position the wind farm. The site was constructed in the Kattegat, in the waters near the island of Anholt. The area is noted for its fairly consistent water depths measuring about 15 to 19 meters.
Prior to construction of the site, all of the possible environmental impacts were considered in its Environmental Impact Assessment. The construction team tried to lessen the distraction of sea beds and the diversity of life in the waters as they erected the wind farm. Also, the builders produced 25 artificial reefs and set them down the waters along the site to restore its natural diversity.
Anholt Offshore Wind Farm is a testimony that this type of large-scale renewable energy project is a viable alternative. From the day it started generating power, the wind farm has been consistently providing enough electricity to households in Denmark to account for 4% of the country's total energy consumption. This offshore wind farm is surely an environmental project to replicate in different parts of the world.
Please see: renewable energy: wind (and offshore wind farms)