smart grid overview

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smart grid explained

In order for a worldwide smart grid to be created, governments must invest in smart infrastructure. Most electricity grids rely on dirty fossil fuels and outdated equipment. A smart grid, on the other hand, uses state of the art technology to meet demand and to maximize efficiency. Essentially, the smart grid is an efficient, modern electrical grid. Utilities manage their electrical supply and productivity in a cost-effective way for them and customers benefit from a more efficient power system.

Utilities in a smart grid use 21st century systems to match power demand with energy supply. Intermittent energy sources, like wind and solar, can be used both more efficiently, and when they’re produced more, in a modern smart grid. When these systems are augmented with renewable energy storage, there is indeed a smarter grid.

A smart grid uses smart meters, which can relay power usage data to grid operators. A smart grid also makes use of other smart household equipment for customers. Data in a smart grid is collected and transmitted in the same way data is used via the internet. Smart meters track customer’s energy needs and also report outages. Household appliances can be used, and even controlled remotely, when energy is cheaper, and more readily available, in a smart grid.

Europe has made significant progress with the development and deployment of smart meters. The UK, Germany, France and Italy are leaders when it comes to smart meters and smart grids. China spends the most of any nation on smart grids. Other nations with a major investment in smart grid infrastructure are: the USA, India, Australia, Brazil, Japan and South Korea.


Please also see:

smart meters - a more efficient use of utilities

Smart Grid explained