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10+ Point Plan to Reduce GHG emissions

 Green City Times has developed a guide of climate change mitigation policies & strategic actions that must be implemented to achieve carbon neutrality globally. In order to effectively act on climate, all nations, states, and countries in the entire world must achieve the climate targets put forth by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). These greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) reduction targets were first outlined in the Paris Climate Accord. GHG reduction targets have since been made more ambitious, so as now to include net zero and carbon neutrality goals.

Climate Solutions

Governments around the world (at the national, regional, state, and city level), must ramp up climate change mitigation policies. One essential system of several high-priority climate action policies musts is carbon pricing. A full list of climate action solutions for government to choose from is below.

Worldwide, there must be a steadily increasing level of government clean renewable energy investment in programs such as:

  • feed-in tariffs
  • tax credits and other tax incentives for renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies
  • direct subsidies for sustainability technologies
  • renewable portfolio standards
  • net metering (in coordination with energy utilities)
  • R&D of emerging net zero emission, low carbon, and carbon-neutral energy technologies

GHG Reduction Goals

Green City Times has independently developed a guide of aspirational policies and strategic climate actions for the global public-private sector to effectively reduce GHGs. The IPCC, reflecting the broad international scientific consensus on the issue, has set specific guidelines to avoid the worst effects of climate change. Most prominent among these guidelines, is the goal to keep global warming under 2°C (3.6°F) by mid-century, and ideally to an even lower warming cap of 1.5°C (2.7°F). The list of measures outlined below is a guide for the entire planet to implement to limit GHGs, and mitigate catastrophic anthropogenic climate change.

Worldwide temperatures must be stabilized in order to achieve net zero GHGs throughout the majority of the world, and in most major GHG emitting sectors of the global economy. To stabilize global GHG emissions, and in turn global temperatures, countries worldwide must strive to achieve the climate change mitigation priorities from the list below.

Net Zero Goals

As climate science has evolved over the last few years, GHG reduction targets have become more ambitious; and this is reflected in ambitious targets such as the European Union's pledge to cut carbon emissions to 55% of 1990 levels by 2030; on its way to net zero by 2050President Biden has pledged that the United States will have 100% carbon free energy on its electric grids by 2035; on its path to net zero by 2050. Many developed nations, including the EU group of countriesthe USthe UK, other European nations & Japan, have set ambitious targets to reach net zero GHG emissions (carbon neutrality) by 2050; China has set their net zero target date at 2060.

Establishing carbon markets is a policy must in order for the clean energy transition to be successful globally. Carbon markets are formed with - Cap & Trade (otherwise known as an Emissions Trading System - ETS), or a Carbon Tax, or both an ETS and a Carbon Tax within a given nation. Policies establishing carbon markets are fundamental for every country/ state that is serious about tackling climate change through clean energy programs. Other than putting a price on carbon, cities around the world are well-advised to mandate a congestion levy like those in London and Oslo, or a complete internal combustion engine (ICE) car ban similar to the one proposed in Oslo.

Green City Times would like to see as many points from the below list successfully developed worldwide in order to most effectively fight climate change, but only 10 points total are needed>>>

  • #1 climate priority (2 points) - All countries, states, regions, provinces, and administrative jurisdictions, in North and South America, Asia, as well as Australia, implement (or ramp up, if a national carbon price has already been implemented) a Carbon Tax and/ or Carbon Cap and Trade; as well as the above indicated high priority climate change mitigation policies. The EU and several European countries independently already have carbon pricing. The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the most significant example of carbon pricing in the world. (NOTE: the EU ETS and all carbon pricing throughout the world must be ramped up substantially; the price of carbon worldwide must be increased substantially from current levels).
  • 1 point  - solar - achieved when at least 20% of the world's electricity generating capacity is from solar.
  • 1 point - wind - when at least 20% of the world's electricity generating capacity is from wind.
  • 1 point - for an additional 500+ GW installed global energy storage capacity.
  • 1/2 point - biomass/ biofuelcellulosic biofuelalgae - at least 10% of the world's electricity is to be from biomass. 30+% of the world's total fuel sources for transportation are biofuel or hybrid biofuel + electricity.
  • 1/2 point - 10+% of the world's electricity production from - hydroelectricity (at least 8% of the world's electricity from hydro), and geothermal (less than 2%); in addition to solar, wind, and biomass.
  • 1 point - carbon capture and storage (CCS) and integrated gas combined cycle (IGCC). At least 25% of the world's gas plants have CCS and/ or IGCC technologies.
  • 1 point - green building - ALL new residences and new buildings incorporate: LEED, Energy StarHome Energy Management (HEM)smart meters, smart energy appliances, related infrastructure, and/ or district heating. All new buildings/ retrofit old buildings worldwide [especially developed countries] to incorporate at least 3 of these energy efficiency technologies into EVERY new residence and building. The majority of commercial buildings globally are retrofitted to incorporate energy efficiency technologies.
  • 1 point - electrification of transportation/ vehicle efficiency/ sustainable mass transit. All cars are to be fuel-efficient (40+ MPGs)/ and most (over 50%) of the world's mass transit to use clean, green, sustainable technologies; especially all-electric modes of public transit.
  • 1 point - most (over 50%) new vehicles manufactured and sold to be hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and electric vehicles.
  • 1 point - 400+ GW additional global capacity of nuclear energy (at least 200+ GW of that is to be 3rd and 4th generation nuclear; advanced small modular reactors).
  • 1 point - recycling: achieved when most countries in the world recycle, or turn their waste into biomass renewable energy sources, at least 1/2 of all recyclable waste.
  • 1 point - conservation and wildlife habitat protection efforts in most countries should increase 200+% for wilderness, public green spaces, forests, freshwater, and marine habitats.     [please also read:]
  • 2 points - end all tropical deforestation, and implement reforestation globally of the size of the Amazon rainforest (in total reforestation contributions from all of the world's countries). This is easily the most efficient way to create a carbon-neutral world. Forests act as carbon sinks and naturally sequester carbon.
  • 1 point - sustainable agriculture is to be practiced in the majority of the world's agriculture systems; as a potentially major source of carbon sinks worldwide.

Visit the link here>>> for a comprehensive set of public policy plans to implement the above climate actions. Actions that are needed to create a sustainable world.
Please also see our article on>>> what makes a city sustainable



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  1. Please let us here at Green City Times know what you think in a comment; and we’ll try and answer any questions as well.

    Please also visit our other blog at

    [Dan Braff is the founder of GCT –

    Daniel Braff]

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